Kamakura flourished under the first bushi government known as the Kamakura bakafu which was administered by samurai. You can feel the long history of Kamakura by visiting historic sites sprinkled throughout the area. This area is full of nature and surrounded by mountains and the sea. There are plum trees, cherry blossoms, hydrangeas, and various flowers blooming season to season in this beautiful city.
The Enoden (Enoshima Electric Railway) is a railroad company of the Odakyu group. The Enoden is recommended to use when accessing Kamakura from the Fujisawa area. The scenery is beautiful on the way.
The train cars of the Enoden have a retro style and the green color matches the surrounding nature. Tickets are cheaper if you get the day pass or afternoon pass.
・Great Buddha of Kamakura
The Great Buddha of Kamakura is a national treasure. It is a bronze sitting statue of Amiddha and is enshrined at Kotoku-in (Kotoku-in is a Buddhist temple of the Jodo-shu sect in the city of Kamakura). The height is 11.3 meters and the weight is 121 tons.
It’s important to Japanese Buddhist arts because it is made in the style of Unkei, a Japanese sculpter of Buddhist sculptures during the Kamakura period, and Chinese Song sculptures. This Great Buddha combines these two influences.
・Tsuruoka Hachiman-gu Shrine
This temple was consecrated at Yuigahama by Minamoto no Yoritomo after his journey from Kyoto to Kamakura in 1603. Afterward, Minamoto no Yoritomo was transferred to Yukinoshita in central Kamakura. Many tourists from Japan and abroad pray for bushido (code of the samurai) there and it is a base of Japanese spirituality.
・Hase Dera Temple
Hase Dera temple is called the western paradise of Kamakura and flowers are in bloom there during all seasons. It is a famous place with beautiful scenery. The temple has a circuit style garden and you can walk around Myochi pond and Hojo pond. The temple is known for its “Hase Kannon”; an enshrined nine-meter-tall eleven faced Kannon that is the principal image of Kannon-do Hall. There are also around 2,500 hydrangeas planted around the walking trail. You can enjoy the “Hydrangea Lane” during the rainy season.
The temple grounds are full of hydrangeas so this temple is called the “Hydrangea Temple” and “Meigetsu-in Blue Temple. It is crowded with many tourists and a representative temple of Kamakura.
Tatchu (minor temple on the site of main temple) of Zenko-ji Temple was built by Hojo Tokimune. Zenkouji Temple was closed during the first year of the Meiji period.